Woman and Man
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ADHD is associated with cognitive deficit. Therefore, cognitive training is often proposed as an intervention for ADHD that targets cognitive deficits, with specific exercises through intensive training sessions. This intervention is based on principles of brain plasticity and cerebral functional reorganizations. Working memory deficits constitute a key impairment in ADHD. That is why, Cogmed working memory training is the most commonly used and studied cognitive training program in clinical practice and research. It is clear from most studies that Cogmed training program increases working memory in ADHD. However, transfer of learning is not demonstrated on: other cognitive functions that are not targeted by the program, on ADHD symptoms, nor on academic achievement. In addition to this type of intervention multi-factorial program targeting different cognitive function as Presco also exist but have been less studied. To address these challenges, this study will follow a randomized and controlled design. The main objective of this study is to examine the impact of cognitive training in comparison with a control waiting-list group among children with ADHD on: 1. ADHD symptoms, 2. cognitive functioning, 3. attentional capacities 4. academic achievement. The second objective is to compare two types of cognitive training a unifactorial program Cogmed targeting working memory and a multifactorial Presco focusing on different cognitive functions affected by ADHD. Long-term effects are examined six months after training. Participants (n=90) will be randomly assigned to the two experimental group (Cogmed or Presco) or to the control group waiting list. Participants will be evaluated three time (time 1) just before the intervention, (time 2) six weeks after the first evaluation, immediately after the intervention and (time 3) six months after the intervention.
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)